Robin (book #173)

29 May 2020

book cover

Raymond Jacberns, 1901.

Raymond Jacberns was the pseudonym of Georgiana Ash (1886-1911), a clergyman’s daughter, who was very prolific in the first decade of the twentieth century. My copy of Robin has an inscription from 1910, a prize for Arthur Martin of Ely St Mary Sunday School. It also has a bookmark for the News of the World, BRITAIN’S LEADING NEWSPAPER and BEST REPORTS of all THE SPORTS.

Georgiana Ash is on the census in 1871 aged 4, living with her widowed mother, her aunt and her grandmother in Sussex. In 1881 she is living in Hastings with her mother. I can’t find her on the 1891 census. In 1901 she is living with a friend in Hastings, and in 1911 with the same friend (stated to be sharing expenses) in Battle. In this last census Ash gives her occupation as “Private Means, Authoress”. She died relatively young (45) after an operation.

I am tempted to say that Robin‘s plot is the only plot of late Victorian / Edwardian stories for girls. It’s certainly overwhelmingly frequent. The clue is in the four introductory quotations, one of which is about duty, one about love hallowing mundane tasks, and two about discontent.

Robin is an orphan who lives with her widowed uncle, her aunt (her uncle’s spinster sister) and her two girl cousins. She is nineteen when the book starts. It opens in a stirring manner with Robin angry about something in the news. We only get a passing reference, but it seems to be something about soldiers having to spend their own money on something: “‘it is a scandalous shame to expect the men to buy things out of their wretched pay'”. Robin’s cousin Phyllis tells her to “‘write to the War Office and tell them your valuable opinion is at their disposal'”.

Robin is energetic and “wanted to be doing something for her day and generation” – resolving injustices, nursing the sick, “fight[ing] the world’s miseries”:

As a very small child Robin had been discovered painstakingly teaching an equally small neighbour the intricacies of the A B C which she had just mastered herself. A little older she had started upon the education of the workhouse maid-of-all-work, and reduced that damsel to tears over the multiplication table. As a young girl, she had lavishly expended all her store of information on any one who would listen, and now, at the mature age of nineteen, the same old longing possessed her, to go out into the world and talk, and hear other people talking, and exchange ideas, and teach people – what, she could not have told, had she been asked – but teach them something of which they stood in need, and of which she herself possessed the knowledge.
The consciousness of latent power is not always conceit, and Robin had a very low opinion of her own powers indeed at times, but at other times it must be owned that she was rather trying, being at the present moment totally without sympathy for other people’s moods. If she was interested in a subject, be it the mismanagement of army matters, or the training of a puppy, she would work that subject to death, and then wonder pathetically why the world was cross, and would not be interested in anything that she cared about.

Robin wants to leave her uncle’s house to make her own way in the world, but he promised her mother that she would stay until she was 21. She is very cross about this and wants to work as a governess or nurse for the small children of a neighbour. Her uncle won’t allow this, but then an older child in the same family comes down with scarlet fever, so the children come to stay with Robin and her family. She is responsible for them for all but two hours a day six days a week (the under-housemaid takes charge for those two hours), at the nominal wage of ten shillings a week.

Jacberns realistically shows that Robin struggles with the children, not having either the ease or the authority with them that others have.

There are sub-plots about the love affair of one of Robin’s cousins (her almost-fiancé loses his money) and about two new neighbours, sisters, the younger one being disabled. Robin influences the disabled sister to feel hard-done-by, which she had not previously, but comes to her senses, telling Robin “‘we have been created for His glory in this world, and for His glory in the life to come, and that therefore feelings, and disappointments, and crookeed backs, and dull days, and powerlessness to work as much as one would like, nothing of all that really matters one scrap'”.

The book reminds me of Yonge in that mistakes Robin makes really do led to almost-tragedies (though Yonge is darker). She makes one of her Sunday School scholars discontented, and as a result the girl, Fanny, runs away to London. Fortunately, although Fanny’s luggage and money are stolen, and the friend she had planned to go to has left London, she is helped to write home, is forgiven and returns home, “a depressed young person with a wholesome horror or London streets and London ways”. Robin, who felt guilty when the issue was in doubt, then feels “alternately disgusted with Fanny for having been such a poor-spirited creature as not to have battled through her difficulties unaided, and relieved that the episode had ended harmlessly”.

Longer-lasting effects come from Robin’s failure to discipline the children. They run away from her to see their mother, and infect Robin’s Aunt Priss with scarlet fever. Although she recovers, she is almost blind. This is the point of Robin’s transformation. She realises she has “a real call” and a duty to take over managing the house from her aunt – otherwise one of her cousins, both of whom are now engaged, would have to postpone marriage. She considers

Was it right that she should put aside the grand hopes she had built for the future, when she would be free to go into the world, unchecked and unhindered, free to work as she would, free to make the very best of her life as she could? Could it be right to bury herself in a quiet home, to spend the best part of her life tending two old people, making two old people happy? … Could she not do more good if she went out into the broader life, and worked there for God? … Was it, and that, after all, was the question that lay at the root of the whole matter – was it His will that she should do this, and if it was, had she the strength to do it ungrudgingly and will a cheerful heart?

Robin’s decision is never in doubt, and she receives the thanks and praise of her family. Her uncle asks “‘How about all the grand schemes for the future, Robin?'” and she replies “‘Twist them round and have grander ones still'”. I do wonder how it will work out and whether Robin ends up embittered and lonely. Obviously within the moral framework of this novel this cannot happen. She is 19 around 1901 (assuming the book is set at the time of publication) – the right generation to be involved in women’s suffrage activity later on; I would like to think of her as a lecturer finally having the chance to use her enthusiasm for putting the world to rights.

This Rome of Ours (book #172)

24 April 2020


Augusta L Francis, 1939.

This is a “faction” book about Rome, published just before the war, a reprint of pieces published in two magazines, The Pylon and The Missionary. The book describes sight-seeing in Rome in a party of three; the narrator Augusta, her friend (or possibly family member) Pellegrina, and Aunt Julia, who is I think Pellegrina’s aunt rather than the narrators, but the personal details of the group are non-existent. They are Catholics, and Pellegrina’s name means pilgrim.

There’re a couple of Francis’s articles online: Many Legends Explain the Coming of Wise Men (The Denver Catholic Register, p9, 1938) and Castelli Romani. (The ad at the start of this post is from the 1938 newspaper.) I also found a review of The Pylon which mentions her articles:

If it were only for Fr Martindale’s companion to the Acts of the Apostles, “Letters from their Aunts”, or for Augusta L. Francis’ refreshing and informative “Aspects of Rome”, the magazine would be worth buying. But these vie with articles by Arnold Lunn, Allison Peers, Wyndham Lewis, Clare Boothe Luce . . . (ellipsis in original)

Source: The Venerabile (magazine, 1948).

There is a brief introduction by the archaeologist and art historian Eugénie Strong.

I haven’t been able to find out very much at all about Francis herself. A review of the book in the Irish Monthly in 1940 by “E.H.” says “the author, who, according to a publisher’s note, is a lecturer in archaeology”. That particular review starts off sounding a bit negative, saying the book will bring on mental indigestion. It becomes more positive:

There are many satisfying snatches of what could almost be described as gossip about the Eternal City, which could only be disclosed by one who knows and loves it. … The chapters take the form of conversations between Pellegrina, who knows all about Rome, and her two friends, who do not; consequently Pellegrina becomes a rather monotonous figure, in spite of the author’s attempts to keep her human. However, it is well worth subduing any impatience one may feel with Pellegrina for being so impossibly explicit, in order to hear what she has to say. The book is illustrated with some remarkably fine and unusual photographs, and many sketches.

I was a lot less interested in the chat about Rome than details of the characters’ lives, of which there are sadly very little. This was probably the best bit:

“Donald and Virginia want a flat for the winter,” said Pellegrina as we sat watching the cloud shadows on the campagna. …
“I had a night-letter from them,” she went on. “Destable things, night-letters. None of the succinct terseness of a telegram, none of the friendliness of a letter, but a sort of skeleton draped in a – a – ” She couldn’t think of any sort of drapery sufficiently ugly.
“Lambrequin?” I suggested.
“Exactly. Draped in a lambrequin – not that I know exactly what a lambrequin is. They used to put them over doors and windows, didn’t they? To keep out the air. She drew a deep breath of rain-scented ozone. “Well, they want a flat, or a little house, a residence at least nominally their own, for a year. He has been given some work to do here for his Company Manager and she is thirsting for the Eternal City – she always was. We must get them something entirely perfect. Furnished, of course.”
“Chromium or thirteenth century?” I enquired.
“You mean furniture? Oh, definitely thirteenth century; and the rooms, too, provided there are washing facilities. Their breezy night-letter ended: ‘Step on it dear. Grateful more than ever. Virdon,’ the last being their code name. They are so proud of it. Babes they are, in a way, but nice, very nice, and quite knowledgeable.”
“Let’s go,” said I, “but let me think for a minute. Why not? It isn’t often I get an inspiration like this. We’ll house-hunt for Virginia and Donald, all over Rome, for days if you like, and we’ll investigate the rooms of all the Saints who ever lives in Rome.”

(A night-letter seems to have been like a long telegram – I found one reference from 1928 in America mentioning a limit of 50 words.)

They look at “utterly charming flats furnished like the day after tomorrow … They had the inevitable and catastrophically ‘simple’ chromium furniture, described either as ‘efficient’ or ‘amusing’ or ‘intriguing’, according to the vocabulary of the person who was trying to let the flat. It was awful”. Then they see “hopeless ‘artistic’ houses” and “terrible still more arty ones with dingy studios”. “The next day Pellegrina appeared in the severest black coat and skirt she possessed, and refrained from tilting her head. So did I. And we went to the agent for a fresh set of addresses. That day it was better” but then the houses are too mediaeval and musty. They redress in “something quiet with a touch of ‘eleganza’. That did it” and they find the right mix of “mediaeval in atmosphere and modern in cleanliness”. They send a cablegram to Donald and Virginia signed “Pelaug”, which is the only indication of the narrator’s name.

So although I like semi-fictionalised travel narratives, this one was too travelly and not enough fictiony or peopley for me. Would still like to know more about the author though.
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The Head of the House of Coombe (book #171)

10 April 2020

Frances Hodgson Burnett, 1922.

This is Burnett doing those things she does. There is a semi-mystical intro about time passing; she says that the events of the book started “when people still had reason to believe in permanency”. If she were another writer I’d be sure, given the date of the book and the wartime setting of the sequel, that she’s referring to before the First World War. She may be, but given how weird Burnett can be, it may be something else. Her earlier novel The Shuttle (1907) has a similar mystical start.

The book initially concerns “Feather”, a beautiful young woman from Jersey who is without money. She marries Robert Gareth-Lawless, who is the remote heir to a title but doesn’t have money either.

Robert quickly dies, leaving Feather with no money and a new baby daughter. Feather does not cope well, neglecting the baby (Robin). Here’s a scene after all the servants have left (they haven’t been paid). Feather is disturbed by

stealing down the staircase from the upper regions that faint wail like a little cat’s. … she felt the child horrible to look at. Its face was disfigured and its eyes almost closed. She trembled all over as she put the bottle to its mouth and saw the fiercely hungry clutch of its hands. It was old enough to clutch, and clutch it did, and suck furiously and starvingly – even though actually forced to stop once or twice at first to give vent to a thwarted remnant of a scream.

Lord Coombe, a older, detached (“I never thought of such a thing in my life – as being fond of things”) and clever man, takes on financial and practical responsibility for Feather and Robin. This means that everyone wrongly thinks Feather is his mistress, so as Robin grows up she is ostracised. Her mother ignores her – aged 6, Robin does not understand the concept of mother and has rarely seen Feather. “She would not have [visited Robin] at all but for the fact that she had once or twice been asked if the child was growing pretty, and it would have seemed absurd to admit that she never saw her at all.” Robin’s nurse mistreats her.

Then, still aged 6, she meets eight-year-old Donal Muir in the square garden. Burnett being mystical again: “So they stood and stared at each other and for some strange, strange reason – created, perhaps, with the creating of Man and still hidden among the deep secrets of the Universe – they were drawn to each other – wanted each other – knew each other.” Donal’s mother stops them meeting again because she believes that Feather is Lord Coombe’s mistress. Donal is likely to inherit Lord Coombe’s estate, as he is second in the line of inheritance and the first in line is sickly, as well as being “a repulsive sort of person both physically and morally”. Burnett believes that health, nature and goodness are linked.

Not long after this, Feather has Robin brought down to show her off to the company. She refuses to shake hands with Lord Coombe because she thinks that it’s he who has stopped her meeting Donal again. Her nurse, Andrews, takes her back upstairs and threatens her. Lord Coombe, who has followed them upstairs because Robin said that “Andrews will pinch me”, walks in on this and sacks Andrews. Feather continues completely uninvolved. Lord Coombe tells Andrews that he has already agreed the sacking with Feather. “It was a lie, serenely told. Feather was doing a new skirt dance in the drawing-room.”

Things improve for Robin then, with a loving nurse (Dowson) and later a governess (Mademoiselle Vallé). Lord Coombe tells Feather that he’s making these arrangements because “The situation interests me. Here is an extraordinary little being thrown into the world. She belongs to nobody. She will have to fight for her own hand. And she will have to fight, by God! With that dewy lure in her eyes and her curved pomegranate mouth! She will not know, but she will draw disaster!”

At this point in the book, about halfway through, things get political. Lord Coombe becomes friendly with an elderly woman, the Dowager Duchess of Darte. “He had known her during certain black days of his youth, and she had comprehended things he did not tell her. She had not spoken of them to him but she had silently given him of something which vaguely drew him to her side when darkness seemed to overwhelm him.” Both of them are interested in European politics – “the Chessboard, which was the Map of Europe”. They are concerned about German expansion and ideology:

“I have been marking how It grows,” he said; “a whole nation with the entire power of its commerce, its education, its science, its religion, guided towards one aim is a curious study. The very babes are born and bred and taught only that one thought may become an integral part of their being. The most innocent and blue eyed of them knows, without a shadow of doubt, that the world has but one reason for existence – that it may be conquered and ravaged by the country that gave them birth.”

Robin’s German teacher, Fräulein Hirsch, is (unknown to Lord Coombe) a spy. Robin is keen to learn as much as possible from her teachers because she wants to support herself. She has found out that Feather is thought to be Lord Coombe’s mistress, and as a result is revolted by him and plans to earn her own living. Lord Coombe, told about this by Mademoiselle Vallé, says that Robin will be in danger: “She is, on the whole, as ignorant as a little sheep – and butchers are on the lookout for such as she is. They suit them even better than the little things whose tendencies are perverse from birth. An old man with an evil character may be able to watch over her from a distance.” There is much emphasis on Robin’s beauty and innocence.

When Robin is about 17, Fräulein Hirsch tries to have her kidnapped and sexually assaulted – this seems to be from political motives. Fraulein Hirsch introduces her to a woman calling herself Lady Etynge, who suggests that Robin come to live with her as a companion to her daughter. Lady Etynge asks Robin to look at the rooms she has prepared for her daughter, and then locks her in them. Fortunately, Lord Coombe has had a detective keeping “a casual eye on Robin”. Lord Coombe rescues her, and says to the false Lady Etynge:

“My coming back to speak to you is – superfluous – and the result of pure fury. I allow it to myself as mere shameless indulgence. More is known against you than this – things which have gone farther and fared worse. You are not young and you are facing years of life in prison. Your head will be shaved – your hands worn and blackened and your nails broken with the picking of oakum. You will writhe in hopeless degradation until you are done for. You will have time, in the night blackness if of your cell, to remember – to see faces – to hear cries. Women such as you should learn what hell on earth means. You will learn.”

He adds “I have allowed myself to feel like a madman … It has been a rich experience – good for such a soul as I own.”

You can see that this is melodrama. The website Smart Bitches, Trashy Books would call it crazysauce. (Wikipedia says that this novel was the fourth best-selling novel of 1922.)

Lord Coombe then arranges for Robin to go as companion to the Dowager Ducess of Darte (unconventionally, taking her nurse Dowson, whom she loves, with her). This works well. The Duchess says

Her one desire is to be sure that she is earning her living as other young women do when they are paid for their work. I should really like to pet and indulge her, but it would only make her unhappy. I invent tasks for her which are quite unnecessary. For years the little shut-up soul has been yearning and praying for this opportunity to stand honestly on her own feet and she can scarcely persuade herself that it has been given to her. It must not be spoiled for her. I send her on errands my maid could perform. I have given her a little room with a serious business air. It is full of files and papers and she sits in it and copies things for me and even looks over accounts. She is clever at looking up references. I have let her sit up quite late once or twice searching for detail and dates for my use. It made her bloom with joy.

She was allowed to enter into correspondence with the village schoolmistress and the wife of the Vicar at Darte Norham and to buy prizes for notable decorum and scholarship in the school, and baby linen and blankets for the Maternity Bag and other benevolences. She liked buying prizes and the baby clothes very much because – though she was unaware of the fact – her youth delighted in youngness and the fulfilling of young desires. Even oftener and more significantly than ever did eyes turn towards her – try to hold hers – look after her eagerly when she walked in the streets or drove with the Duchess in the high-swung barouche. More and more she became used to it and gradually she ceased to be afraid of it and began to feel it nearly always – there were sometimes exceptions – a friendly thing.

Towards the end of the book, the Duchess holds a party for Robin and for her grandchildren. One of the young men there kisses Robin on the back of her neck whilst they are sitting in the conservatory. She is horrified. The Duchess’s granddaughter, Lady Kathryn, reassures her and takes her back to the party, where she meets Donal, now “a kind of miracle of good looks and takingness”, according to Kathryn. Burnett breaks off into a discursion on “a Force illimitable, unconquerable and inexplicable … given the generic name of Love”. The book ends

In the shining ball room the music rose and fell and swelled again into ecstasy as he took her white young lightness in his arm and they swayed and darted and swooped like things of the air – while the old Duchess and Lord Coombe looked on almost unseeing and talked in murmurs of Sarajevo.

I do have the sequel, Robin, which I guess will deal with the war.

Adding that I sent my father a link to the Gutenberg text of the novel, telling him that I didn’t think he’d make it through more than a page and a half. He replied “I have read two pages of the rather extraordinary book that you sent to me. I can’t get a grip on what it is, being somewhat dazzled by its extraordinary style, at once bizarre and supremely confident”.

AZ Murder Goes … Professional (book #170)

14 February 2020

Book cover: AZ Murder Goes ... Professional

Edited by Barbara Peters, 2002. This is a book of conference papers by mystery writers Joanne Dobson, AJohn Dunning, Nicholas Kilmer, Thomas Perry, Nancy Pickard and William G Tapply, on the general theme of professions or occupations in crime novels.

I liked this, in Thomas Perry’s paper “But What Do They Do For a Living?”, an extract from his book Death Benefits about the amateur detective / insurance data analyst who is the protagonist.

He had been placed under the distant but sane supervision of Joyce Hazelton. She had explained to him what an analyst did: “They give us raw data. We cook and serve.” Information about all company operations was brought in, and he would screen the numbers for meaning and wrote reports that revealed trends and anomalies. She had said, “If we suddenly have seven per cent of our clients dying on a full moon, I want that in block letters. If it’s fifteen per cent, I want it underlined too.” Since then she had left him alone, except to smile cordially at him once a day and meet with him every six months to show him that his performance ratings were all excellent.
He had found an unexpected pleasure in his work. The analysts all made jokes about the job, but it was intoxicating. Examining the figures was like being a cabalist searching for messages about the future encoded in the Talmud. Some of the messages were reassuring. At certain ages, people had children and bought term life. By consulting actuarial tables, he knew how many of the policies sold this year would come back for payoff at what future dates, and how many premiums the company would receive in the meantime. … Because of the large number of policies and the long stretch of time, the individual deviations from the norm disappeared to produce reliable predictions.

The collection is worth reading if you’re interested in mystery fiction. The editing retains the individual voices of the contributors.

Ranger Rose (book #169)

13 February 2020

Cover of Ranger Rose

Ethel Talbot. My edition is 1954, but I think it was originally published 1928. Possibly has been cut.

This is a disability leads to self-renunciation book. I enjoyed it, but it’s not flawless. To take some of the flaws first: it’s too short, at 96 pages. The ending feels rushed and is also more down-beat than I would have liked. There is a missed opportunity to explore Rose’s future plans – for instance, will she work with her unofficial Brownies again? I would also have liked to have seen more use by the People (trippers) of the People’s Wood, once Rose has had her vision of improving it for them.

Interesting aspects include the advice Rose is given at the start of the book by her father:

Rose’s father had served from beginning to end of the Great War. He had lost a leg, too, in his country’s service, and it was partly “not to make a fuss before Daddy” that Rose’s resolution had held firm for all this time. …
“Do you know, Rose, that I’d not change back now, I think, even if I got the chance … I am jolly glad I had the leg when the war came on, you know. Otherwise I couldn’t have fought. And I was jolly sick when I lost it, even though there was only a month of the war to run.”

He gives Rose a copy of the Little Flowers of St Francis and she find her way through service. She is sent to a different, smaller, school, where Guiding is important. There is quite a lot of detail about enrolment and badges.

Fathers, dementia, etc #1

7 February 2020

Ad for Benger's Food: Better health in old age

Ad from The Illustrated London News 11/10/1930.

My title looks a bit like Coffee #1. I don’t think it will take off as a business model.

My father says he “knew a chap once by the name of Brokenshire [as in the local govt minister]. He stole clocks from army accom and sold them to the Germans”. I may have to follow this up.

I am trying to send a thing to his address (my father’s, not any of the Brokenshires) every couple of weeks, as an added contact. He’s moved into assisted living accom which has … not exactly been a difficult transition, but moving is hard at the best of times, which if you’re confused and have strong views on things is not. Logging here that the first was chocolates, the second a book about aviation.

He thinks of writing a novel (he has form in that area) about

an advertising agency that has a contract to promote a dementia charity. Everyone is to some degree potty, and those who are actually demented are not the craziest. Begins when the agency team first meets the head of the charity, who is (himself or herself, not yet decided) crackers in a frantic way … The agency team includes some who are extremely laid back and ironical, others who are plain silly etc etc. Obviously the central idea is that those actually demented can be less mad than the sane. I am quite taken with this, especially since its author is one of the demented, which ought to make it quite saleable …

I don’t know what to say about dementia. It seems to have taken over my life in the last year or so. Which it has not at all; even the fortnightly London trips for research I am sharing with other family members, which makes me exceptionally fortunate. But it is on my mind a lot.

Also, people! Why can they not be better? The staff at the research clinic, which work with people with dementia all the time – why don’t they wear name badges, or remind us who they are? One of the took my father off to a consulting room last time, saying to him as she went “you’ll be very familiar with the environment and process here by now”. No! He has memory loss!

Anyway, rant.

“the use and beauty of the small duties, joys, and sorrows which make up our lives”

27 January 2020

I am tired of trying to fight myself, trying to manage myself, whatever one calls it. Tired of making lists and not doing the things on them. Tired of not being enough. It doesn’t feel as if fighting oneself should make any logical sense.

Knitting in Miss Silver Comes to Stay (1951)

25 January 2020

Having fairly recently learnt to knit, I am enjoying picking up references to knitting which were previously lost on me.

It turns out that knitting is the major structural factor in Wentworth’s Miss Silver Comes to Stay. At the first mention of Miss Silver in Chapter II she “closed a capacious handbag upon her knitting” as she got off the train.

Later we are told she has “a ball of pale blue wool from which she was knitting a cosy coat and knickers for her niece Ethel Burnett’s little Josephine. She kept her hands low in her lap, holding the needles after the Continental fashion as she … had been taught by the German mistress, Fraulein Stein, when she was at school. It has the great advantage of making it almost impossible to drop a stitch. It is not, therefore, necessary to watch either one’s hands or the work. Miss Silver rarely glanced at the rapidly clicking needles or the lengthening strip of blue.”

Later on she is “completing the second side of little Josephine’s jacket”. The knitting follows her through the detection, or the detection through the knitting.

the thin strip of knitting which represented, embryonically, the back of little Josephine’s woolly jacket

The two fronts and the back of little Josephine’s jacket having been completed and sewn together, she was engaged upon the left sleeve, for which four needles were in use

She was well away with the second sleeve of little Josephine’s jacket, and hoped to finish it before lunch. She would then crochet an ornamental edging all around and furnish it with bows of washing ribbon, after which she would start upon the knickers

She paused to measure the pale blue cuff, and finding it long enough, began to cast off.

Right at the end of the book, when Miss Silver is explaining the case to the Chief Constable (and her former pupil) Randall Marsh, she completes the jacket:

“Well, Randall, there you have what was in my mind … ”
She cast off the last stitch, pulled the wool through the loop, drew it tight, and transfixed the pale blue ball with the needles she had been using.

“The right thing will come up, I know. I wonder what it will be?”

18 January 2020

The Abbey books increasingly feel to me like a guidebook on ways I might live. They’ve been important to me for years because they deal with stuff that I don’t find elsewhere – daydreaming, friendship, service. I’m increasingly finding messages in the story of Mary-Dorothy. Having just lost my job as she feared she would do in The Abbey Girls Win Through, I need to try to react in the way she does, with some trust.

Anyway. I have been looking at jobs in 1930. The Scotsman has an ad headed “H.M.’s Inspectorship of Taxes, open to ladies and gentlemen, age 21 and under 24 … A real chance afforded to secure permanent first-class Government appointments.” This turns out to be an ad for a college, however, Skerry’s College in Edinburgh, which carries out “expert oral and postal preparation” for the examination.

There is a post for a lady as Principal Warden of hostels for women students in Edinburgh. Pay starts at £400. You have to have a university degree, “give evidence of administrative ability” and have “residential experience in a college or hostel”. The last criterion puts me out, unless they just mean having lived in one.

There is a slightly mysterious ad for a “Lady of initiative and ability for outside interviewing required by a large business house operating among schools and educational institutions in Scotland”. Pay is partly on commission. “Lady without travelling experience might be suitable if other qualifications are satisfactory.” Some sort of sales job, perhaps for a publisher?

In the Birmingham Daily Gazette there is a post at the Austin Motor Works, “must be accustomed to boring crankcases”.

The same paper advertises posts for beginners on liners, including stewardesses. There are various ads for homeworkers, mostly writing “showcards”, which seem to be some sort of advertising material displayed in shops. In businesses for sale, there is a fish and chip shop in Walsall which is “a little goldmine”.

In the Western Mail, there is a governess wanted for a fifteen-year-old girl near Swansea.

The Essex Newsman advertises an opportunity for women to emigrate to Canada as domestic servants. In the same paper, an experienced Lady Shorthand-Typist is required by the Automobile Association. “Write, stating age, experience, and salary required.” There is a “Young Lady Required, 17-20, to learn Photographic and Optical work; some knowledge of shorthand and typing essential. Apply, Boatman, Market Rd., Chelmsford.” That might be interesting, but I don’t meet the criteria.

In the Western Morning News, “a Refined LADY” is wanted “for outdoor interviewing purposes. This is an opportunity for a widow or married woman, of good appearance and tact”. Again, I think probably a sales job. There is also an ad for Civil Service vacancies, Ladies, 14-27, but I think it’s another college – the postal address is Loreburn College in Manchester.

There is an ad in the Buckingham Advertiser and Free Press for an Assistant Workmistress at London County Mental Hospital at Hanwell. Under 40 and with experience of dressmaking, especially cutting-out. Starting salary 18s 6d a week plus a fluctuating bonus of 12s a week.

The Exeter and Plymouth Gazette has other posts in mental hospitals, as a probationer nurse at the Devon Mental Hospital, which has 1,600 beds. Sounds grim.

There really do not seem to be very many jobs for women, apart from in domestic service.

In Situations Wanted in the Daily Herald, a 33-year-old “educated woman, lover of children” wants a post as a foster mother.

The Daily Herald also reports that Trades Council had carried a resolution opposing the employment of women in Army canteens at Aldershot. The issue appears to be that women do not want to work there, but if they turn down a job they may lose their unemployment benefit.

The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love and Death in Plymouth Colony (book #168)

22 December 2019


James Deetz and Patricia Scott Deetz, 2001.

I read In Small Things Forgotten, the seminal book on historical archaeology, years ago, but hadn’t read anything else by James Deetz.

I read this at this time because locally there is a lot of attention to the Mayflower anniversary which will be next year – some of what’s said and written about it being at best naïve, and at worst offensive.

The inventories of the colonists’ possessions which were made at their deaths give a huge amount of insight into their material culture, as in this one:

An Inventory of the goods & Chattels of Will Wright late of Plym. deceased as it was taken by Manasseh Kempton & Joh. ffans the sixth of Novbr 1633 & presented in Court the 2d of January 1633.

In the first Roome.
Inpr [First] one chest wth one sad [deep] coloured sute & cloake, one other sute the brieches being wthout lining, one red bay wastcoate & one white cotten wastcoate one old black stuffe doublet, 2 hats, a black one & a white one, 1 peece of loome-work. 4 knots of white tape. 2 pre of boothose & 2 paprs of hookes & eies 2 lb of colored thried, 2 doz. of lases, & 2 pr of old knit stockins wth some other smale things at 6£

It[em] one smale Table wth a carpet, one Cupboard & a chaire wth a sifting trough £1 10s 0d

It[em] six kettles 3 yron potts & a dripping panne £2 3s 0d

It[em] 7 pewter platters 3 great ones & 4 little ones. 1 smale brasse morter & pestle 2 pint potts & one pewter candlestick. 1 pewter flaggon 2 pewter cups, 1 wine & one other beere bowle. 1 beaker & one Cadle cup. 1 dram cup & a little bottle 2 salt sellers 3 porrengers. J doz. old spoones, 3 pr of pot hookes. 1 old pr of tongues & an old fireshovell. 1 pr of pot hangers. 2 smale old yron hookes. 1 pr of andyrons. 2 old yron Candlesticks, & a pressing yron. 2 basons 1 smale one & another great one all at 2 £

It[em] one fowling peece £2 0s 0d

It[em] 2 pr of boot brieches an old pr of Cotten drawers an old blew coate. 2 pr of old yrish stockins. 2 pr of cloath stockins 1 pr of wadmore stockins. 1 old red wastcoate an old black Coate
£2 0s 0d

It[em] one little old fflock bed & an old fether bolster, wth a pre of worne sheets, an old greene Rugge £1 10s 0d

In the Buttery
Two old barrels one full of salt, the other halfe full, 1 bucking tub, 1 washing tub & 2 empty runlets wth smale trifling things. £1 0s 0d

In the loft over the first roome.
One old halfe headed bedsteed. 1 old bagge of ffeathers. 1 old white Rugge 2 hogsheads & a barrell £0 16s 0d

In the bedchamber
One bedsteed one warming pan. 1 fether bed & bolster. 2 pillowes, wth 2 Rugges 1 green one & one white one. 1 truncke & a little chaire table, wth a small carpet & a curtaine & valence for the bed. 1 smale cushen five pr of sheets 4 pr of pillowbeers [pillowcases] 2 table cloathes & 15 napkins. 4 towels & 7 shirts. 3 pr of linnen drawers & 2 wrought [embroidered] silke caps & one white holland cap & one dymety [patterned cotton] wastcoat 3 bands & 4 pr of linnen stockins
£13 8s 0d

It[em] one great Bible & a little bible. 1 Greenhams works. 1 salme [psalm] booke wth 17 other smale books £1 3s 0d

In the loft over the bedchamber
One broade axe & 2 felling axes & 2 hand sawes, 1 thwart saw w th a wrest to it. 3 augurs 2 chisels 1 gouge. I drawing knife. 1 prser 1 gimlet. 2 hamers. 1 prof old hinges. 2 chest locks. 1 padlocke. 1 splitting knife 1 old spade. 2 old howes. 2 fishing lines 1 old hogshead. 1 smale runlet halfe full of powder. 1 garden rake. 1 pitch forke. 1 tiller of a whipsaw. 3 yron wedges wth some smale implements 15 & other luber [lumber] of smale value
£2 7s 0d

It[em] the howse & garden £10 0s 0d
It[em] the Cattle being one Cow & a steere calfe £20 0s 0d
It[em] 2 Ewe goates & 1 ewe lamb £7 10 0d
It[em] one old Sow. 1 hogg. 1 young sow of 1 yeere old. 1 shote [piglet]. 1 bore 1 Canoe & a churne £7 0s 0d

Debts due unto him as apprs pr booke £20 0s 0d

Suma £99 12s 0d

Prisilla Wright allowed the Executrix & Administratrix of her deceased husband.

Mr Will Bradford bound wth her in an hundred & ninty pownds for discharge of the Court.

The Deetzes quote another inventory, for a widow, Judith Smith, which is here.

There is an account at the end of the book of the development of the Plimoth Plantation heritage site. It was begun in 1957, and the Deetzes joined it in 1959, bringing up their 9 children whilst based at the site. They rejected the “squeaky clean” appearance of the houses and developed a living history programme, with cooking, costumes made using seventeenth century techniques, and livestock. They also involved Native Americans in interpretation. There was some criticism of the changes, such as a letter saying “get rid of the realism, so-called, and give people some ideals to live up to. Clear out the radicals in command and get some 100% Americans”.